The Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC)
The Provisions on the Administration of Deep Synthesis of Internet-based Information Services (the Provisions) were issued on 25 November, 2022 by the Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC) in cooperation with the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, and the Ministry of Public Security. The Provisions regulate the use of deep synthesis technologies, AI-based technologies used to generate text, video, and audio, also known as deepfake. The Provisions prohibit the generation of “fake news” and require synthetically generated content to be labelled. In addition to content management and labelling, the other core responsibilities of deep synthesis service providers include data security and information protection, obligations related to transparency, as well as data security. The main motivation for the Provisions has been the concern over deepfakes. The Provisions became effective on 10 January, 2023.